Doc-To-Help Standard Manual
by Robelle Solutions Technology Inc.
Program and manual copyright © 1981-2018 Robelle Solutions Technology Inc.
Permission is granted to reprint this document (but not for profit), provided that copyright notice is given.
Qedit and Suprtool are trademarks of Robelle Solutions Technology Inc. Oracle is a trademark of Oracle Corporation, Redwood City, California, USA. Other product and company names mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners.
Robelle Solutions Technology Inc.
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Use Suprtool/UX to read, select, and sort data from Oracle, Allbase and Eloquence databases and data files with fixed-length records. Suprtool/UX is designed to be similar to Suprtool for MPE while providing necessary HP-UX features.
Suprlink/UX provides high-speed data-file linking based on a sort key. Use STExport to convert fields in a self-describing input file into an output file that can be imported into different applications.
· The List command now has a NOSAMETO option to turn off the SAMETO feature.
· Set Backwardchain On, will cause the Chain command to do a backward chained read.
· STExport has a new set command called Set Excel Leadzero On which tells the Excel command to add leading zeroes to the fields specified in the Excel Preserve command.
· Suprtool has a new function available to the if/extract commands called $inrecnum, which expects a double integer result.
· Suprtool has a new function called $leadzeroz, which will add leading zeroes to a display field and will optionally justify the field.
· Suprtool has a four new string handling functions, specifically, $justifyl, $justifyr, $leadzerob and $respace.
· The Add command to add data to an Oracle table would fail on some tables with an abort if there were a large number of tables in the database.
· A new function in Suprtools if/extract engine called $month is capable of adding or subtracting months for a given date.
· Stexport has a new command called Excel command which allows you to format a field in a format that allows leading zeroes or spaces to be preserved.
· A new option called JSON will output SD data in Java Script Object Notation.
· The Add command would fail if a Table in an Oracle database accessible by a given username had more than 2.1 billion entries on Oracle 11 and higher.
· Suprtools new banner would show the incorrect day and day of week in certain circumstances. This was cosmetic only.
· Set CleanChar to a single character, after a Set CleanChar “<null>” would not come into effect due to the special null flag not being reset. This was in both Suprtool and STExport.
· The input command now accepts the keywords ($first/$last) when inputting a range of records.
· The list command Reclen verb will now impact the Record size for stdout, where previously it was ignored unless a FILE was specified.
· Suprtool would lose track of Table data field information, on tables held with the hold option in subsequent tasks.
· Suprlink now has it’s own “Suprmgr” file. Suprlink will process all the commands in /opt/robelle/linkmgr on startup.
· STExport now has it’s own “Suprmgr” file. STExport will process all the commands in /opt/robelle/stexpmgr on startup.
· Set Comlog On has been added to Suprtool, Suprlink and STExport to log all commands entered in Suprtool, Suprlink or STExport are logged in it’s own file.
· Suprtool now has the $proper function which will shift the first character in a string and any first character after a space or ampersand.
· Suprtool now has the Translate command and a $translate function to obfuscate test data or any byte field from being readable.
· Suprtool on both HP-UX platforms now correctly calculates how many records are in a file loaded via the Table command when the file is a greater than 2Gb.
· Suprtool/Open would not parse a negative number into a quad integer container.
· Suprtool for Itanium and Suprtool/Open would not properly convert negative, single and double integers when output,display is invoked.
· Suprtool for Itanium and Suprtool/Open incorrectly reallocated if/extract code space on subsequent tasks, which would eventually cause Suprtool to fail with the error, “Unable to allocate heap space.”
· Suprtool is now compatible with Oracle 12 version of the client. The support begins with Suprtool 5.7 Build 6.
· Suprtool for Itanium and Suprtool/Open did not properly handle Display type sorts with over punch characters.
· Suprtool, Suprlink and STExport now handle 512 fields on HP-UX and Open platforms.
· Suprtools' extract command now has three special keywords to help with extract using a range, which is designed to make your Suprtool scripts more easily maintained. Suprtool now has $all, $first and $last which respectively means all fields, the first field or the last field. Note that $first and $last may only be used in a range extract.
· $subcount has been added to keep a running count for a given sort break.
· The limit of the Select command in Suprtool has been increased to 8192 bytes. (Suprtool 5.6 Build 11)
· Suprtool on Itanium had trouble with Arithmetic expressions with multiple sets of brackets when dealing with Packed-Decimal and Display data.
· Suprtool would use an incorrect field definition when copying a file where the input file had a duplicate field name with different field definition, the second field would utilize the first definition.
· Suprtool for HP-UX would potentially incorrectly set the decimal or date attribute on a straight copy of an SD file. This was introduced by the fix to copying SD files with duplicate fieldnames and was in 5.5.04 pre-release and 5.5.11 and 5.6 Build 1. This is fixed in Suprtool 5.6 Build 2.
· Suprtool would give an incorrect result when doing an arithmetic expression with brackets and the data involved is Packed-Decimal. (Itanium only Fixed Suprtool 5.6 Build 11)
· Suprtool and STExport would incorrectly assume a positive sign for a packed-decimal field that had an invalid sign value, when converting from Decimal to Ascii. (Itanium only)
· Suprtool for AMXW did not allocate enough space to support the same number of defined fields and items as previous versions.
· Set Ifouroutput on extracts would fail at xeq time with an "Unknown if execute phase" error in the PA_RISC version, when an alignment issue would occur in some circumstances.
There are two types of machines that HP has that run HP-UX, the older machines are based on the PA_RISC chip and the new machines that use the Itanium (and Itanium 2 chips). There are also program files that are specific to each chip. PA_RISC programs can run on both PA_RISC and Itanium machines, however, Itanium programs can only run on Itanium machines.
Any program that runs on Itanium must utilize libraries that match its own program type. Therefore if a PA_RISC program runs on Itanium and looks for a library, it must find/load the PA_RISC version of the libraries that it needs and conversely an Itanium program must load the libraries specific to its type.
How to Tell what Machine I am on?
There are many ways to tell what kind of machine you are on, here are a couple:
In each case the Itanium machine will typically say ia64 somewhere in the result of the above two commands. PA_RISC machines typically say "9000" somewhere in the string.
What is the Program File Type?
Since there are two types of machines there are also at least two types of program files. Suprtool is primarily either PA_RISC 1.1 or ELF-32 / IA64 which is also known as Itanium. To determine the type of program file you can use the file command:
The PA_RISC binary can run on both platforms but you need to have PA_RISC libraries for Eloquence or Oracle if you are using the Oracle module. An Itanium binary will not run on a PA_RISC machine and will fail with "cannot execute".
Of course we've made a provision to identify if you are running the ia version of Suprtool in the banner and verify command with the ia after the UX :
Suprtool by default looks in the libraries in any of the directories named in SHLIB_PATH. For example to insure that Suprtool resolves the library loads you can set the SHLIB_PATH system wide in your /etc/profile file in the following manner:
If you do not have the SHLIB_PATH variable set to a value where the libraries can be found, Suprtool will then try to load from their default names locations. For Eloquence the default location is :/opt/eloquence6/lib/pa11_32.
The Oracle interface will first try to load libclntsh.so and then attempt to load libclntsh.sl from $ORACLE_HOME/lib32/libclntsh.sl.
You can change Suprtool to pay attention to LD_LIBRARY_PATH and use dlopen to load libraries by setting the environment variable:
It is generally advisable to use DLOPEN or the ROBELLE_DYN_LOAD option when using the Itanium version. The PA_RISC version of Suprtool can use either type of loading, the default or the dlopen method invoked with ROBELLE_DYN_LOAD.
The Itanium version will make one more attempt at loading the Eloquence libraries from hpux32/libimage3k.sl and hpux32/libeqdb.sl as most users are setting SHLIB_PATH and LD_LIBRARY_NAME pointing to the lib directory.
Running the PA_RISC version on Itanium:
You can of course run the PA_RISC version of Suprtool, however, given that the PA_RISC version requires SHLIB_PATH to point to PA_RISC libraries may go against the configuration necessary for other programs that may need SHLIB_PATH to point to Native Itanium libraries.
The solution to this is fairly simple, you can create a command file (let's say /opt/robelle/cmd/suprtool) that runs suprtool for you, of course you need to insure your path variable has /opt/robelle/cmd before /opt/robelle/bin.
You can then have the following commands in the /opt/robelle/cmd/suprtool command file:
Essentially all it does save the current SHLIB_PATH setting, sets it to point to PA_RISC libraries, runs suprtool and then resets the library back.
Suprtool for Itanium
Now that you know all about PA_RISC and Itanium you do need to be aware of what Suprtool for Itanium is in terms of new code and risk for potential issues. Suprtool for Itanium is completely in C code. This does not mean that it is all new C code however, the majority of the Suprtool code is still based on SPL, but is converted to C, using Allegro's SPLASH compiler.
So while the C code is new it is based on the original SPLash code, however, given differences between C and SPLash not all code can be automatically converted in some cases. We worked closely with Allegro to find ways to have the source code work and address the various issues that came up. The entire time Allegro improved the SPLash to C converter.
So while we are based on the original Suprtool we do have new code paths in the Native Itanium version and other potential issues where the C code might not work in exactly the same manner as the SPLash code.
Having said that we have tested this against our test suites, and improved and added a large number of tests to our HP-UX test suites.
Fastread option is now set to Off for Suprtool for HP-UX. The Dynamic loading version of Suprtool the option is set to off.
Suprtool production versions 5.1 thru 5.4.01 would incorrectly double the record size for an output,data file when either Set Ifouroutput or Set Oracle Integer were on. This has been fixed but if your script accounted for a doubled record size this may cause and issue as we no longer incorrectly write out double the bytes. If you want to have the old bug behaviour to be re-instated you can Set Oracle DataBug On. The default for this setting is off.
There are a couple of differences in the Itanium version of Suprtool, which you need to be aware of.
The DBEdit module is not available in the Itanium versions of Suprtool. This module is invoked by the EDIT command.
The layout for the Verify command is slightly different then the PA-RISC versions of Suprtool.
This program runs only on CPUs whose serial numbers have been encoded (the "uname" on HP-UX). If it fails to run and you get an "invalid HPSUSAN" error message, contact Robelle for assistance, via firstname.lastname@example.org or the support number at 1.289.480.1060.
The user manual contains the full description of all the Suprtool suite of products including Dbedit, Suprlink, STExport, and Suprtool2, as well as usage tips and commands for each. The manuals are up-to-date with all the latest changes. To see only the changes in the latest version, see the "What's New" section of the manual.
The following instructions describe the installation process of a new Suprtool release. The new version overwrites an existing version of Suprtool on your HP-UX system.
There are typically two main types of installations. The first and most often utilized is the Download instructions. You can find the HP-UX download install instructions here:
Tape installation instructions can be found here:
If you have any questions or run into any problems, please call us. Technical support is available on weekdays from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Pacific time at 1.289.480.1060. Technical support can also be obtained via e-mail at: email@example.com If your new version of software will not run, you can page someone from technical support by calling the support number, or you can typically easily run extend with the disaster option to tide you over until business hours. Instructions for this are available at:
You can download our manuals and Change Notices in various formats and order printed (hardcopy) manuals from our web site at:
Suprtool is constantly being updated with new features. The following section describes the new enhancements to Suprtool since Suprtool 5.9
The List command now has a NOSAMETO option to turn off the SAMETO feature.
The Set command, Backwardchain when turned on will tell the Chain command to do a Backward Chained read.
The if / extract commands can now utilize a new function called $INRECNUM, which allows you to use the input record number in certain tasks. For example, the task below would find record number 11.
You can also, utilize the $inrecnum function in the extract command:
The $inrecnum function was designed to find records especially in the instance where duplicate records are in a particular data source and cannot be isolated by any other means.
The if / extract commands can now utilize a new function called $LEADZEROZ, which allows you to add leading zeroes to a specific display field. This was designed specifically for the extract command and fixing up data but can be used in the if command as well.
$NUMBER is capable of fixing up numbers, but the new $LEADZEROZ function is more lightweight and simply adds leading zeroes, and has an option to justify right as shown below. The source data looks like this:
You can format with the following:
The $LEADZEROZ function cannot fix issues like commas and decimal places in a display field, this can be handled by the $number function.
The if / extract commands can now utilize a new function called $LEADZEROB, which allows you to add leading zeroes to a specific byte field. This was designed specifically for the extract command and fixing up data but can be used in the if command as well. The data looks like this:
The if / extract commands can now utilize a new function called $JUSTIFYL, which allows you to left justify text to the left side of a field.
The if / extract commands can now utilize a new function called $JUSTIFYR, which allows you to right justify text to the right side of a field.
The if / extract commands can now utilize a new function called $RESPACE, which allows you to fixup byte data that has multiple spaces in between text. For example your data looks like this:
It can easily be fixed up and converted to what is shown below:
Suprtool now has a utility called sdlinux, which will help convert an HP-UX self-describing file which will have Big Endian numbers, in the Self-Describing information and in the integers in the data file.
Sdlinux, is a small utility that will change the sd version field which tells Suprtool/Open the endianness of the sd file.
BIG (HP-UX) LITTLE(LINUX)
BIG (HP-UX) LITTLE(LINUX)
The sdlinux utility has four options, -f, -r, -h and –d. Only one option can be specified at any given time:
B.00.00 becomes B.00.02 and
B.00.01 becomes B.00.03
Any integer/logical field gets flagged as BE.
B.00.02 becomes B.00.00 and
B.00.03 becomes B.00.01
Any integer/ logical field gets the Endianness flag turned off.
B.00.02 becomes B.00.00 and
B.00.03 becomes B.00.01
Any integer/logical field gets the Endianness flag turned off.
The sdlinux utility gets run with the above options and a filename for an argument as in:
The filename specified just needs to be the data file name not the sd filename. Regardless, sdlinux will figure out what to do if the .sd extension is in the filename argument.
Please see the following example how you can move data from HP-UX, to Linux natively without having to export to ascii. On HP-UX, you simply create a self-describing file as you normally would:
Then you can use sdlinux to make some quick changes to the Self-describing information, specifically the version in the header and the integers and logicals get updated with the big endian flag being turned on:
You can then ftp the data file and the sd file over to your Linux box:
You can then reverse the effects of the –f option with the –r option:
Then on Linux you can read the sd file natively even though the sd information has big endian information and the data file can be read with bigendian integers and logicals.
Suprtool is constantly being updated with new features. The following section describes the new enhancements to Suprtool since Suprtool 5.8
The if / extract commands can now utilize a new function called $Month, which will add a given number of months to a given date in the format of ccyymmdd or yyyymmdd.
The above task will take the field mydate and add four months to it. Suprtool will check if the date is valid and adjust the date within reason. For example if the given month for mydate has 31 days and the day is 31, and the month mydate becomes when the date is added to has only 30 days. The date will be adjusted to have the 30th for the day.
The Excel command can be used to produce columns of data that when imported will preserve spaces or leading zeroes.
EXCEL PRESERVE <fieldname>
STExport can generate columns that are imported into Excel in such a way that leading zeroes are preserved. While the format produced is not traditional CSV, the format will produce a field in the form:
This form when imported into Excel will preserve the leading zeroes. In order to invoke this format the Excel command has very simple syntax:
These simple commands will generate a file that will have the usually formatted fields as well as some fields formatted specifically for preserving spaces and leading zeroes in Excel.
The result of such an STExport task will look as follows:
The JSON command specifies STExport to generate Json output. Use the JSON to produce Java Script Object Notation documents for either Internet or Intranet applications.
STExport can generate JSON output with just a few commands.
These four simple commands will generate a file that can be read by various applications. The result of such an STExport task will look as follows:
The Object option allows the JSON data to be wrapped in a specific Object description.
Looks like this:
Note that the example of the Output has one field per line with data. Normally this would have to be specified via the command line but the data is shown this way simply due to space constraints.
For files that have many fields you may want to consider using the OneLine option of the JSON command:
STExport will put each field and data on one line with the appropriate beginning and end notation.
You can enter multiple JSON commands per task to set the JSON options you require.
An example of the output generated by the above commands is as follows:
Suprtool is constantly being updated with new features. The following section describes the new enhancements to Suprtool since Suprtool 5.7.11
Suprtool now has $first and $last mnemonics, which can be used on a range selection of records on the input command. It was designed to handle a request to list the last N number of records in a file as in:
Suprtool will parse the Range selection and semantically check if the record range entered is logical. For instance, $first-2 and $last+10, which do not make logical sense would throw and error. Similarly if a record only has 5 records in it then $last-10 or $first+7, would also throw an error.
Enhancements in Version 5.7
Suprtool is constantly being updated with new features. The following section(s) describes the new enhancements to Suprtool since Suprtool 5.6.
Suprlink now has a “suprmgr” file similar to Suprtool. Suprlink will process all the commands found in /opt/robelle/linkmgr or $ROBELLE/linkmgr.
STExport now has a “suprmgr” file similar to Suprtool. STExport will process all the commands found in /opt/robelle/stexpmgr or $ROBELLE/stexpmgr.
Suprtool, Suprlink and STExport can now log all commands in each product. Every command will be logged if the setting Set ComLog, is on. Commands will not be logged if the user does not have write access to the comlog file. There are three separate log files, one for each product. The stlog file for Suprtool, sllog for Suprlink and sxlog for STExport. The files are by default located in /opt/robelle/log/suprtool directory. If the $ROBELLE variable is set, the log files would be in the directory $ROBELLE/log/suprtool.
The format of the log file is as follows:
DateTime, Username, UID, PID, command entered
The Date and Time is 16 bytes in the format Year, Month, Day, Hours, Minutes, Seconds, while the Username is eight bytes
UID/PID are six digit numbers, followed by the command with a line feed at the end.
Please note that if this command is global the log files can expand quickly, taking up disc space by default in the /opt/robelle directory. You can redirect where the commands are logged by using linked files.
The user running any of the products must have write access to the log files whether Link files or directly.
Suprtool now has the $proper function which will shift to upper case the first character of a byte type field and after any space or ampersand. It will also shift to lower case any other characters in the byte-field.
Considering the following data, you can fix all of the product names with one simple task:
Note that any character after a space, “&”, or “-“ is upshifted for a proper name. Suprtool will also downshift those characters that do not qualify as needing proper capitalization and it is a capital character, the proper function will downshift those characters. See an example below:
The $proper function only works on byte type fields. (5.6.12)
Suprtool now has a $translate function which in conjunction with the translate command allows you to build a translation table, whereby you can translate from any byte character to any character. We have also added a method to a supplied translate table which will allow you to obscure the data such that it can’t be read.
You can make your own Translate table using the Translate command, where you can specify the character you want to translate and what you want to translate to, using Decimal Notation. So if you want to translate “A” to “Z”, you would type the command:
So you specify the from character on the left in decimal which is the capital-A and the to-character is also in decimal format which is capital-Z, which is decimal 90. If you want to reverse the translation you can simply do the following command and translate the field back with:
This is not meant to be an encryption solution, but it will help obfuscate test data really quickly. (5.6.12)
Add Command. The Add command would fail if a Table in an Oracle database accessible by a given username had more than 2.1 billion entries on Oracle 11 and higher.
Banner. The opening banner at runtime would display the wrong day and day of month. This was only an issue in Suprtool 5.8.
Set CleanChar. Set CleanChar to a single character, after a Set CleanChar “<null>” would not come into effect due to the special null flag not being reset. This was in both Suprtool and STExport.
STExport/Suprlink. PA_RISC versions of Suprlink and STExport would fail when attempting to report an error on an OUTPUT file if the user specified a directory that didn’t exist or the user didn’t have write permission to.
Output , Display Command. Suprtool for Itanium and Suprtool/Open would not properly convert negative, single and double integers when output/,display is invoked
Quad Integer Input Parsing. Suprtool/Open would not parse a negative number into a quad integer container.
Arithmetic Expressions. Suprtool/Open had problems with arithmetic expressions with brackets for Packed-Decimal and Zoned-Decimal data types.
Over Punch Sort. Suprtool would not properly sort display type data with Over punch characters. (Itanium and Open platforms only)
SD File Copy. Suprtool would use an incorrect field definition on a straight copy of an SD file if the input file had a duplicate field name with different byte lengths. (HP-UX only)
Extract Command. Suprtool would give an incorrect result when doing an Arithmetic Expression that has more than one set of brackets as in: extract amt-p=(packed-field + packed-field) – (packed-field *2) (Itanium only)
Decimal to Ascii. Suprtool and STExport would incorrectly assume a positive sign for a packed-decimal field that had an invalid sign value, when converting from Decimal to Ascii. (Itanium only)
Ifouroutput. Set Ifouroutput on extracts would fail at xeq time with an "Unknown if execute phase" error in the PA_RISC version, when an alignment issue would occur in some circumstances.
$edit function. The $edit function did not work well with alpha based edit masks and if the target was greater than 32 characters.
Output,data. Suprtool would write out double the calculated record size when set oracle integer was on or set ifouroutput was on, and output,data option was used and no extract commands were specified and the input source was an Oracle table.
List Command. The List command on Suprtool for HP-UX on PA_RISC would not print the specified headings and title for list command to a file.
Sorting. Suprtool for HP-UX on PA_RISC would abort when sorting a file with an output record size of 39 bytes and only on some machines, with fastread on.